Red gram (Tur) is grown throughout the tropical and subtropical countries especially in south Asia, eastern and southern Africa, Latin America, Central America and South America. The major countries producing red gram are India, Myanmar, Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Nepal, Dominican Republic, Congo, Bangladesh, Haiti, Panama etc.
The major exporters of red gram are Myanmar, Dominican Republic and Malawi. However, India, Trinidad, Venezuela, Nepal and Mauritius are the major importers.
Area under redgram in the world during 2013-14 accounts for 6.21 m ha with a production of 4.74 mt. Red Gram occupies 6.5 per cent of the world’s total pulses area and contributes 5.7 per cent to the total pulses production.
India is the largest producer of red gram with annual production of around 3.02 million tonnes from 4.65 million hectares during 2013-14 and accounts for 64 per cent of total world production followed by Myanmar (22 per cent) and Malawi (6 per cent).
Like other pulses, red gram is grown under rain fed condition and about 96 per cent of red gram area is unirrigated. In terms of production Maharashtra is in the lead followed by Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. Karnataka ranks second in area (562.13 thousand hectares) and production (366.3 thousand tones) of red gram in the country. The major trading centers of red gram in Karnataka are Kalaburagi, Sedam, Yadgiri, Bidar, Bijapura, Bellary and Bagalkote.
Kalaburagi region is known as ‘tur bowl’ of Karnataka. Farmers in this region are waiting for the onset of monsoon to take up sowing operations. Hence, in order to assist the farmers for suitable decision the NCAP Network project on Market Intelligence functioning in the Department of Agricultural Marketing, Co-operation and Business Management, UAS Bangalore collected the modal prices of red gram that prevailed in Kalaburagi market during the last eleven years and econometric analysis was carried out to predict the prices of red gram for the harvesting months. Also an opinion survey of red gram farmers and traders was conducted. Based on the analysis, market survey and considering the price trends of other pulses in the country, government policies with regard to the marketing and international trade in tur, it is forecasted that Red gram would fetch a modal price of around Rs.5800-6100 per quintal during this Kharif 2015 harvest months of December - January 2016. This forecast prevails for current market sentiments & monsoon and could vary with changes in the domestic and world market situation and rainfall. Farmers are advised to take up sowing of quality / certified seeds for better price realization.
Dr. M. S. Jayaram, Dr. C. P. Gracy, Dr. M. R. Girish, Sakamma S, Mangala V Reddy,
Department of Agricultural Marketing, Co-operation and Business Management
UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-65