Banana is one of the oldest fruits known to mankind and also an important food for man. Banana is called as "Apple of Paradise" and botanically "musa paradisica". Banana occupies a pride place in ancient Tamil literature as one of the "Mukkani". Banana is the cheapest fruit and also a rich source of energy (104cal/100gm). Banana is also utilized in a number of forms as food, medicine, feed, fuel and industrial applications. India is the largest producer of banana in the world. However, India falls below in the list of exporter countries. The need of the hour is production and export of banana produce and banana products.
India with rich bio-diversity of banana and plantain is the largest producer and consumer with estimated production of 16 million tonnes of banana annually. India's domestic production alone exceeds the entire world trade, with 19 per cent share of the total production of banana in the world. The contribution of banana to GDP of agriculture in India is 2.8 per cent. It also provides livelihood security to millions of people in primary producing areas, trade and processing. The global production of banana is of the order of 71 million tonnes, cultivated in about 4.5 million hectare, mostly by small and marginal farmers; it has an added dimension because it provides a source of livelihood and income to the farmers in the developing countries, of which India holds a major share.
India is the largest producer of banana and plantain with an annual production of 16.91 tonnes from 490700 hectares, and accounts to 19% of total world production. Predominantly, banana production in India is polyclonal and under small farming systems. The banana production in India is hampered by various biotic and abiotic stresses and also production has been seriously threatened by decreasing soil fertility and yield decline phenomena. To overcome these constraints, various efforts are in progress at National Research Centre for Banana (NRCB), Trichy and also at state agricultural universities.
Karnataka is one of the progressive states of India with great potential for development of fruit crops. The state is blessed with ten agro-climatic regions suitable for growing variety of fruits all round the year. The total area under banana crop is 102.71 ‘000HA in 2015-16 and the production of banana crop 2675.63 ‘000T in 2013-14. The major districts growing fruit crops in the state are Kolar, Chikkaballapura, Belgaum, Bidar, Bangalore, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Dharwad, Mysore, Tumkur, Bagalkot and Chitradurga. Karnataka is fifth largest banana producing State, producing about 9% of total production of banana in the country.
Binny Mill is the Major market for banana in Karnataka. Therefore, for the benefit of farmers, the NIAP Network project on Market Intelligence functioning in the Department of Agricultural Marketing, Co-operation and Business Management, UAS Bangalore collected the weekly modal prices of banana that prevailed in Binny Mill market during the last five years and an econometric analysis was carried out to predict the prices of banana for the next four weeks (1st week of December'16 - 4th week of December’16). Also an opinion survey of banana traders and farmers was conducted.
Based on the analysis and Market survey, it is analysed that the forecast prices of Elakki banana would fetch a modal price of around Rs. 21-23/- per kg for next four weeks. This forecast prevails for current market sentiments & monsoon and could vary with changes in the market situation and rainfall.
Based on the analysis and Market survey, it is analysed that the forecast prices of Pacchabale (Robusta banana) would fetch a modal price of around Rs. 9-10/- per kg for next four weeks. This forecast prevails for current market sentiments & monsoon and could vary with changes in the market situation and rainfall.
Dr. M. S. Jayaram, Dr. C. P. Gracy, Dr. M. R. Girish
Mangala. V. Reddy, Sowmya Shree. K. L
Department of Agricultural Marketing, Co-operation and Business Management
UAS, GKVK, Bangalore-65